A cataract is a cloudy film that covers the inner lens of the eye. The cloudiness develops over time and becomes more pronounced as a person ages. The cloudy film makes it difficult to see. Patients describe it as trying to look through a frosted glass window. In the beginning, the cloudiness may minimal making it possible for corrective lenses to improve the person's vision. As time passes, the cloudiness will begin to worsen, limiting a person's vision. Cataracts can be caused by prior eye surgeries, diabetes, prolonged use of steroids, and certain hereditary health conditions will affect a person's overall risk of developing cataracts and other eye conditions.
Cataracts may not be able to be prevented, but a person can dramatically reduce their risk of developing them. Cataracts most often occur with age. Maintaining good health is the best way to reduce a person's risk of cataracts. Obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking, prolonged exposure to sunlight, excessive alcohol use, and previous eye injuries or surgeries can increase a person's risk of cataracts, especially if a person has a family history of the condition. Many people forget the role heredity plays when it comes to certain diseases of the eye. Both cataracts and glaucoma are well known for their ability to affect several members of the same family.
The Catalys® Precision Laser System was developed to correct cataracts safely and with as minimal risk as possible. It has what is referred to as an INTEGRAL guidance system that allows it to make both single and multiple plane arc incisions. It can also perform phacofragmentation and anterior capsulotomies. During the procedure, the system reduces pressure within the eye and helps to soften the crystalline nature of the damaged lens. The INTEGRAL guidance system accurately maps or documents the surface of the eye so the techniques the laser uses are much more accurate and precise, enhancing the results of the procedure.
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